B’reshit / Genesis 49:10 says: “The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor the student of the law from between his feet, until (it or he) comes to Shiloh, and to him will be a gathering of peoples.”
In B’reshit / Genesis 49:10 Judah said that the right to kingship belongs to the tribe of Judah. Nowhere does it speak of the “seed of Judah” or the descendants of Judah. Ergo this “prophecy” supposedly fulfilled by Jesus is fictional.
Luke 3 gives one of two conflicting lineages for Jesus (the other lineage is in Matthew). Luke says that Jesus was descended from Judah. Maybe Jesus was, maybe he wasn’t but hundreds of thousands of Jews have been of the tribe of Judah.
Luke makes another big mistake. The messiah must be descended through King David’s son Solomon. Luke says that Jesus was from another of David’s sons (Nathan). This would disqualify Jesus from being the messiah even if Joseph were his biological father. . .
Being of the “seed of Judah” (or a descendant of Judah) is no more a “prophecy fulfilled by Jesus” than it is of the hundreds of thousands of others who have the same claim.
Since B’reshit / Genesis 49:10 does not speak of “the seed of Judah” this prophecy is null and void.
B’reshit / Genesis 49:10 is a real messianic prophecy (it is saying that the right to the throne will be with Judah, and thus the messiah must be of the tribe of Judah) – but the “prophecy” as given by the missionary list giver is not in the passage, and as far as messianic prophecies “go” being a member of the tribe of Judah is just “table stakes.” The messiah must be of the tribe of Judah – but just because someone is from that tribe does not make them the messiah.
Some missionaries think that Jesus was the last member of the tribe of Judah. In reality, if one believes the virgin birth story then Jesus himself was not of the tribe of Judah (tribal status only passed from biological father to his children through his sperm via a Jewish mother). If Jesus was a virgin birth his “father” (the holy spirit?) was not of the tribe of Judah, and ergo neither was Jesus.
It is also a myth that Jesus was the “last” Davidic heir. There had been 600 years of no Davidic king from the tribe of Judah before Jesus’ supposed birth. With a 600 year gap there were no kings from Judah. Yet, some people still knew their lineages and knew if they were or were not eligible to be a king.
Some missionaries think that all Jewish lineage records were kept in the Temple in Jerusalem and were destroyed 2000 years ago – meaning that no one after Jesus could claim the throne. This is also untrue. The genealogies were never kept only in the Temple, and indeed many Jews never returned from Babylonian exile. While many Jews have lost their genealogies, many have not. There are many families alive today who can trace themselves back to Kings David and Solomon. In every generation there lives a man who could be the messiah and who does have the correct lineage.