Leaving behind Y'shayahu / Isaiah 9:5 (6 in Christian versions) behind the list maker now references Y'shayahu / Isaiah 9:6 (7 in Christian versions). The normal Christian mistranslation of Isaiah 9:6 - 7 reads: "For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty G-d, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. Of the greatness of his government and peace there will be no end. He will reign on David’s throne and over his kingdom, establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness from that time on and forever. The zeal of the L-rd Almighty will accomplish this."
The child in the passage had already been born in the time of Isaiah, some 700+ years before Jesus. Here is the Judaica Press translation of Y'shayahu / Isaiah 9:5 - 6: "For a child has been born to us, a son given to us, and the authority is upon his shoulder, and the wondrous adviser, the mighty G-d, the everlasting Father, called his name, "the prince of peace." To him who increases the authority, and for peace without end, on David's throne and on his kingdom, to establish it and to support it with justice and with righteousness; from now and to eternity, the zeal of the L-rd of Hosts shall accomplish this."
David’s kingdom is everlasting. This does not mean that there will always be a person sitting on David's throne (indeed, by the time of Jesus 2000 years ago the last ruler from David's line was Tzidkiyyahu / Zedekiah, some 600 years before Jesus was born. The image is of a seal of one of his ministers -- it dates back 2600 years).
G-d promised David that the right to the Jewish throne would eternally belong to his heirs through his son, Solomon -- the right does not mean unbroken, it means the actual right to kingship is eternally with David and his son Solomon.
Jesus was not an heir of David through Solomon.
Jesus had no right to the throne, and never sat on the throne -- he was never anointed as a king either.
The Christian bible insists that Jesus is a "virgin birth" and thus he had no earthly father (e.g. sperm) and thus was not the "seed of David." Ergo Y'shayahu / Isaiah 9:6 (7 in Christian versions) is not about Jesus.
Royal lineage (and priestly, too) is only passed to children if the mother is Jewish and the father is also Jewish and from a given tribe.
A woman passes "who is Jewish" if she is a Jew, but she does not pass lineage (tribal rights). To be a "seed of David" a person would be of the tribe of Judah, and a descendant of Kings David and Solomon on their FATHER's side.
Needless to say, G-d is not a descendant of David. If Jesus was a "virgin birth" somehow impregnated magically he was not a seed of David. Mary was legally married to Joseph (this is per the Christian bible). Thus if she became pregnant by anyone other than her lawful spouse, Joseph, her child had no tribe. Under Jewish law Mary would have been an adultress if anyone other than Joseph impregnated her.
You see, Biblically-speaking, a man is allowed to have more than one wife. (Rabbinically this is prohibited and it was never considered a good idea), but a woman can only have one husband. If a woman got pregnant by anyone other than her husband then the child you not have a tribal status and the woman would be considered an adultress. See Sh'mot / Exodus 20:13. A woman who has committed adultery becomes forbidden to her husband and her former adulterous lover. (See Talmud Sotah 26b.).
On top of that, Luke bypasses Solomon (and the real messiah must come from Solomon's line). The T'nach tells us that the right to David's throne passes only through his son Solomon -- bypassing Solomon the author of Luke chooses David's son Nathan -- thus disqualifying Jesus from any claim to the throne even IF Joseph had been his biological father. Note the chart to the left which is found in UriYosef's article Genealogical Scams and Flimflams.
The T'nach (Jewish bible) makes it clear that the messiah must be descended from King David and King David's son Solomon. Some missionaries will claim that the "promise" that the throne must pass through Solomon is conditional, but this is untrue.
Shmuel Beit / 2 Samuel 7:12-16 – When your days (King David) will be completed and you will lie with your forefathers, then I shall raise up your seed after you, that which will issue from your loins, and I shall establish his kingdom. (13) He shall build a Temple for My sake, and I shall make firm the throne of his kingdom forever.
And then read Divrei Hayamim Alef / 1 Chronicles 22:9-10 – Behold a son will be born to you; he will be a man of peace, and I shall give him peace from all his enemies around about, for Solomon will be his name, and I shall give peace and quiet to Israel in his days. (10) He shall build a House in My Name, and he shall be to Me as a son, and I to him as a Father, and I shall prepare the throne of his kingdom forever.
Luke has Jesus supposedly come through David's son, Nathan, also eliminating Jesus from kingship even if Joseph had been his biological father. Read M'lachim Alef / 1 Kings 8:15-20;Divrei Hayamim Alef / 1 Chronicles 17:11-15, 22:9-10, and 28:3-7. Torah is clear that the messiah must be a physical offspring of both David and Solomon. The Torah specifies that blood rights, such as tribal lineage, are transmitted exclusively from a father to his biological sons. Whenever the Israelites were selected to serve in the army, it was done "according to the house of their father" (Bamidbar / Numbers 1:17 - 18).
Unfortunately for the list maker's claim that this passage fits Jesusis the fact that Jesus did not come from the tribe of Judah, or (from a lineage perspective) King David. Joseph was not his biological father (Joseph supposedly was an descendant of King David). Even IF Jesus were Joseph's biological son he would still be disqualified from kingship (messiahship). Luke's lineage, by using Nathan and not Solomon, totally disqualifies Jesus even if Joseph's sperm impregnated Mary.
The last thing to consider regarding kingly lineage: there are men alive today who have the lineage to be the Jewish king -- each of them has more right to the throne than Jesus ever had, yet none of them are king. Having the correct "birth right" is just a requirement -- it does not make a man the king. To be the messiah a man must have the kingly lineage and he must also fulfill all the messianic prophecies -- not one of which did Jesus ever fulfill (world peace, global knowledge of G-d, rebuilding the Temple, etc.).
One argument that missionaries will make against possibly being about King חִזְקִיָּ֫הוּ / Hizkiyyahu / Hezekiah. is that peace was not eternal (from forward).
Jesus was never a king, never had a throne -- never reigned (with or without justice and righteousness) let alone from 2000 years ago "to eternity."
The prophet writes: "To him who increases the authority, and for peace without end, on David's throne and on his kingdom, to establish it and to support it with justice and with righteousness; from now and to eternity, the zeal of the L-rd of Hosts shall accomplish this." Y'shayahu / Isaiah 9:6 (7 in Christian versions).
Is this prophecy?
Or is this prayer?
Note the preposition "to" in these two statements: לְמַרְבֵּה הַמִּשְׂרָה l'marbéh hamisrah and וּלְשָׁלוֹם אֵין־קֵץ ul'shalom ein kétz. This is a prayer by Isaiah who prays that since Hizkiyyahu / Hezekiah will reign in a time of peace he prays that G-d will make that peace eternal. . .
But having said that the very next line of Y'shayahu / Isaiah 9:7 (8 in Christian versions) warns the Jews of disaster that will occur in the northern kingdom of Israel because they are not Torah observant -- if peace were ensured from verse 6, why would he then warn of disasters in the very next lines?
It is critically important to understand the historical context of Y'shayahu / Isaiah 9.
In 713BCE Hizkiyyahu / Hezekiah was attacked by Sennacherib (M'lachim Beit / 2 Kings 18:13). "Sennacherib the king of Assyria came up against all the fortified cities of Judah and seized them."
The Assyrians threatened to battle the Jews into submission, declaring that things would become so horrible that "men who sit on the wall to eat their dung and drink their urine with you." (M'lachim Beit / 2 Kings 18:27, Y'shayahu / Isaiah 36:12).
Whereask King Ahaz had been a horrible man, his son, Hizkiyyahu / Hezekiah, was a Torah observant G-d fearing ruler and he turned to G-d for help (M'lachim Beit / 2 Kings 19:1-2). G-d heard is please and 185,000 Assyrian soldiers miraculously died in their sleep that very night (M'lachim Beit / 2 Kings 19:35). The threat was gone and the Assyrians never bothered the Jews again.
After this there was peace in Judah for more than 100 years (thus fulfilling Isaiah's prophecy in Y'shayahu / Isaiah 9 that Hizkiyyahu / Hezekiah would be a prince (ruler) of peace. Isaiah's prayer that this peace never end was in the hands of the Jewish people, but over time they warranted exile due to שִׂנְאַת חִנָּם / sinat chinam / baseless hatred for Jew against Jew.
Bottom line: yet another failed "prophecy" by the list maker. Jesus did not bring eternal peace, and he never had a kingdom, let alone established an eternal kingdom. Jesus was not a "son of David" and thus has no claim to the throne of David -- this means Jesus did not fulfill this prophecy.