The Hebrew in Y'shayahu / Isaiah 11:1 is חטר מגזע / a major branch out of a trunk
Where do you suppose the list maker gets "rod" from?
The King James translation, that is where. It says: "And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots"
But this is not what the Hebrew says. The Hebrew is חטר מגזע. The passage should read "from the חטר מגזע / branch of the trunk of Jesse,"
The masculine noun חֺטֶר / ḤOter-- which the KJV translates as "rod" is only in two places int he T'nach -- Y'shayahu / Isaiah 11:1 and Mishlei / Proverbs 14:3 which reads "In a fool's mouth is a staff of haughtiness but the lips of the wise guard them."
The KJV mistranslates it as "rod" in Proverbs 14:3, too.
A rod is not alive -- it is a "thing," whereas a branch, shoot or twig are all part of a living plant or tree. Although Reuben Alkalay's complete Hebrew/English dictionary gives "a rod" as a translation for חֺטֶר / ḤOter that translation makes no sense in context of Y'shayahu / Isaiah 11:1 which tells us that חֺטֶר / ḤOter is related to the masculine noun גֶּזַע / GEza.
The exact wording in the passage is חטר מגזע / a major branch out of a trunk.
The two go together -- a major branch out of a trunk (not a rod out of a trunk which makes no sense).
Let me explain. The word גֶּזַע / GEza is found three times in the T'nach. Y'shayahu / Isaiah 11:1 is the first, then Y'shayahu / Isaiah 40:24 ("Even [as though] they were not planted, even [as though] they were not sown, even [as though] their trunk was not rooted in the earth; and also He blew on them, and they dried up, and a tempest shall carry them away like straw.") and the last instance is Iyov / Job 14:8 ("If its root ages in the earth, and in the dust its trunk dies").
A trunk of a living plant / tree.
Thus "rod" makes no sense in context of Y'shayahu / Isaiah 11:1 -- why do the KJV translators use a word which means an inanimate non-live thing (a rod) in analogy with a trunk of a living plant?
Perhaps this is much ado over nothing -- but it simply shows how translations (mistranslations) mislead and deceive readers. The translator made a choice, a wrong choice -- and it makes no sense!
So what does Y'shayahu / Isaiah 11:1 mean? What is it about?
What this passage means is that the messiah (and this is a messianic prophecy) will be a descendant of King David, who was the son of Jesse.
And this disqualifies Jesus from this prophecy.
Unfortunately for the list maker and other missionaries. Jesus was not "out of Jesse." The Christian bible gives two differing lineages for Joseph, and Luke says " He was the son, so it was thought, of Joseph."
So it was thought.
Which means he was NOT the son of Joseph, people just thought that he was.
Per the Christian bible Jesus was not the son of Joseph, he was the biological son (supposedly) of the "holy spirit" -- aka G-d. Thus Luke's lineage of Joseph in chapter 3 is totally immaterial to Jesus.
In Hebrew the word in question is נֵ֖צֶר the preceding letter is a וְ / vav, which is a prefix acting as the conjunction for "and." Thus: נֵ֖צֶר = netzer when prefaced with וְ = vav and should be translated as "and shoot."
Most Christian translations have "and a branch."
Was Jesus a branch, or a shoot for that matter?
Jesus was not a legal descendant of King David, he was not eligible to be the messiah by his very birth -- meaning he was not a branch (or shoot) of Jesse (David's father).
If Jesus were a virgin birth -- if Joseph was not his biological father -- he was not a descendant of Jesse because lineage is only passed paternally -- from the father.
Jesus was not eligible to be the messiah if he was a "virgin birth." The messiah must be born of human Jewish parents. The father must not only be Jewish, he must be of the tribe of Judah and descended from Kings David and Solomon. The messiah will be a normal human. He will not be a demigod, The messiah will not possess supernatural qualities either, and performing miracles is not a criteria to be the messiah either.
The Messiah (moshiach ben David -- the messiah son of David) must be descended on his father's side from King David (see B'reshit / Genesis 49:10, Y'shayahu / Isaiah 11:1, Y'rmiyahu / Jeremiah 23:5, 33:17; Yechezkel / Ezekiel 34:23-24). If the virgin birth story was true, and Joseph was not the biological father of Jesus then Jesus did not even have the most basic right to even try to be the messiah.
The T'nach (Jewish bible) makes it clear that the messiah must be descended from King David and King David's son Solomon. Some missionaries will claim that the "promise" that the throne must pass through Solomon is conditional, but this is untrue.
Shmuel Beit / 2 Samuel 7:12-16 – When your days (King David) will be completed and you will lie with your forefathers, then I shall raise up your seed after you, that which will issue from your loins, and I shall establish his kingdom. (13) He shall build a Temple for My sake, and I shall make firm the throne of his kingdom forever.
And then read Divrei Hayamim Alef / 1 Chronicles 22:9-10 – Behold a son will be born to you; he will be a man of peace, and I shall give him peace from all his enemies around about, for Solomon will be his name, and I shall give peace and quiet to Israel in his days. (10) He shall build a House in My Name, and he shall be to Me as a son, and I to him as a Father, and I shall prepare the throne of his kingdom forever.
And while you're at it read M'lachim Alef / 1 Kings 8:15-20; Divrei Hayamim Alef / 1 Chronicles 17:11-15, 22:9-10, and 28:3-7. Torah is clear that the messiah must be a physical offspring of both David and Solomon. The Torah specifies that blood rights, such as tribal lineage, are transmitted exclusively from a father to his biological sons. Whenever the Israelites were selected to serve in the army, it was done "according to the house of their father (Bamidbar / Numbers 1:17 - 18).
"Who is a Jew" passes maternally (see D'varim / Deuteronomy 7:1–5, Vayikra / Leviticus 24:10, and Ezra 10:2–3) and lineage (tribal status) passes paternally (by the father -- assuming one first has a Jewish mother) -- and ALL of this is found in the written Torah. Sh'mot / Exodus 6:14, 6:25, B'midbar / Numbers 17:21, 34:14, 36:1, Y'hoshua / Joshua 14:1, 19:51, 21:1, 22:14, Ezra 1:5, 2:59, 2:68, 3:12, 4:2-3, 8:1, 10:16; N'ḥemyah / Nehemiah 7:61, 7:69-70, 8:13, 12:12, 12:22-23. According to the Torah, lineage/pedigree, a blood right, is passed exclusively by a biological father to his sons.
Ergo the virgin birth totally disqualifies Jesus from being the messiah.
Now return to Luke chapter 3.
Luke bypasses Solomon.
The T'nach tells us that the right to David's throne passes only through his son Solomon -- bypassing Solomon the author of Luke chooses David's son Nathan -- thus disqualifying Jesus from any claim to the throne even IF Joseph had been his biological father. Note the chart listing the differences in Matthew and Luke's lineages which is found in UriYosef's article Genealogical Scams and Flimflams.
The list maker ignores Matthew in this claim, and Matthew gives a completely different lineage for Joseph. To explain away the two conflicting lineages for Joseph (who is not even Jesus' biological father) some missionaries will claim that Luke is actually giving Mary's lineage. "Mary" (if she even existed) was Jewish, her tribal affiliation is completely irrelevant as her offspring's tribal status would have been that of the biological father. A woman does not pass tribal status, and her status changes to that of her husband's tribe upon marriage.
Bottom line: there are prophecies that the messiah will be from David's sperm (seed), through his son Solomon. G-d further promises that David's right to the throne is eternal (even though there has been no Davidic king since Zedekiah, the last Davdic king, reigned 2600 years ago (600 years before Jesus' supposed birth).
The claim that Jesus was the seed of David is false. Jesus was not the "seed" of David. Jesus was never a Jewish king (messiah). He never reigned. His line did not live after him -- and the throne has set empty for 600 years before Jesus and 2000 years after him. . .
The real messiah will be a Davidic heir -- from David's sperm through a Jewish mother and a Jewish father of the tribe of Judah, descendant of both Kings David and Solomon (adoption does not "work" -- another missionary excuse).
The real messiah will restore David's throne -- fulfilling the actual messianic prophecies that the messiah will indeed be both a Davidic king and that the right to the Jewish throne is eternally with David's heirs through Solomon. It simply has not happened yet, thus Jesus did not fulfill the prophecies.