This verse does not say that the Jews would reject Jesus ("his people").
The passage says "Who would believe our report."
Who is the speaker? The same speaker as found in line just before this one: "so will the many nations exclaim about him, and kings will shut their mouths" Y'shayahu / Isaiah 52:15.
The speaker are the gentile nations / kings, and Isaiah identifies the speaker: Y'shayahu / Isaiah 52:15 in "so will the many nations."
Read the verse for yourself: Who would believe our report (they will say)! For whom has the arm of HaShem been revealed? Y'shayahu / Isaiah 53:1.
By changing the speaker from "our" to "his people" the missionary attempts to change those who are shocked at the change from a subhuman servant to an exalted one from the gentile nations to the Jewish people rejecting Jesus.
They are distorting the verse and taking it out of context.
Perhaps it is unfair to blame the list maker for this claim for the claimed "proof text" quotes Y'shayahu / Isaiah 53:1 saying it is about Jesus. John 12:37 - 38 "Even after Jesus had performed so many signs in their presence, they still would not believe in him. This was to fulfill the word of Isaiah the prophet: “L-rd, who has believed our message and to whom has the arm of the L-rd been revealed?”
Did you notice that John 12:37 is in past tense?
John 12 is speaking of Jews who were alive to witness Jesus' supposed miracles for themselves. According to John Jesus (past tense) already did those things and the Jews already witnessed it and ignored it. Since John 12 is speaking of Jews alive to witness Jesus' miracles for themselves where in the Christian bible does it say that the Jews suddenly recognized that Jesus WAS G-d's servant and had been raised to lofty heights?
It doesn't -- and the fact that Jews today still reject Jesus means that John 12 was wrong in quoting Isaiah since the rejected servant is amazingly the lofty servant WITNESSED by the speakers in Isaiah 53.
John 12's claim that this verse is the Jewish people speaking makes no sense when read in context. The speaker in Y'shayahu / Isaiah 53:1 is the same speaker from Y'shayahu / Isaiah 52:14 - 15. . . the gentile (non-Jewish nations) and their kings. It is the gentile nations who are shocked that G-d's servant, who they had seen as subhuman, is suddenly successful. They are amazed at this fact -- which they see for themselves (no one tells them about it). They saw and heard for themselves.
Behold, My servant (G-d's servant) will succeed; he will be exalted and become high and exceedingly lofty.
14 Just as multitudes (the speakers are the multitudes, the gentile nations) were astonished over you (saying) "His appearance is too marred to be a man's, and his visage to be human,
15 so will the many nations (for missionaries who say the multitudes, aka the speaker, are the Jews this shows that is false. Isaiah tells us that the speaker are the gentile (many) nations -- not "the" Jewish nation) exclaim about him, and kings (again, multiple kings of the gentile nations -- not the Jewish king) will shut their mouths (in amazement) for they will see that which had never been told to them, and will perceive things they had never heard.
53:1 Who would believe our report (the nations / kings are still speaking) (they will say)! For whom has the arm of HaShem been revealed? Y'shayahu / Isaiah 52:13 - 15, Y'shayahu / Isaiah 53:1.
When the arm of the L-rd reveals the servant to be exalted that servant will have been perceived as subhuman re rejected by man and G-d prior to the revelation.
This description of Y'shayahu / Isaiah 53 the is the opposite of how the Christian bible describes Jesus.
Matthew 2 says that the magi came to worship Jesus at his birth!
Luke 2:52 says "And Jesus grew in wisdom and stature, and in favor with G-d and man." The opposite of rejection!
Jesus had followers (Luke 22:49) -- he was widely respected. "Large crowds from Galilee, the Decapolis, Jerusalem, Judea and the region across the Jordan followed him." Matthew 4:25.
These (a mere selection of many such references in the Christian bible) show that Jesus was NOT considered subhuman and rejected by people -- the opposite is claimed. Since the Christian bible claims that Jesus had throngs who respected and followed him prior to his death this was prior to his death and resurrection (which is when the missionaries claim Jesus was exalted).
Thus Jesus is not the servant that Isaiah prophesied -- Jesus was respected prior to his elevation in Christianity as a messiah and / or god.
From Isaiah's prophecy about 2700 years ago to today we still await the arm of the L-rd's revelation of the servant. If Jesus had been the servant there would be no argument among Jew and gentile as to just who that servant might be -- G-d Himself would reveal it and the nations would see it for themselves.
The mere fact that Christians "believe" it to be Jesus although others say it is not proves that it is NOT Jesus. Recognizing the servant will not be a question of interpretation or "belief" -- the servant will be actually revealed without question by G-d Himself.
The fact is that the "arm of the L-rd" has not yet been revealed, and yet the mere fact that 2 billion or so Christians worship Jesus, proves that he was not Isaiah 53's "suffering servant" who is considered subhuman until the day when G-d reveals the servant as the opposite (again: something people will witness for themselves, not something they are taught or told by ministers, the Christian bible, etc.).
Here is the Artscroll Stone Edition translation along with their footnotes at the bottom of each response to aid in your understanding of the passage.
Isaiah 52:13 Behold, My servant will succeed; he will be exalted and become high and exceedingly lofty.
14 Just as multitudes were astonished over you (saying) "His appearance is too marred to be a man's, and his visage to be human,
15 so will the many nations exclaim about him, and kings will shut their mouths (in amazement) for they will see that which had never been told to them, and will perceive things they had never heard.
53:1 Who would believe what we have heard! For whom has the arm of HaShem been revealed?
2 Formerly he grew like a sapling or like the root from arid ground; he had neither form nor grandeur; we saw him, but without such visage that we could desire him.
3 He was despised and isolated from men, a man of pains and accustomed to illness. As one from whom we would hide our faces; he was despise and we had no regard for him.
4 But in truth it was our ills that he bore, and our pains that he carried -- but we had regarded him diseased, stricken by G-d and afflicted!
5 He was pained because of our rebellious sins and oppressed through our iniquities; the chastisement upon him was for our benefit, and through his wounds we were healed.
6 We have all strayed like sheep each of us turning his own way and HaShem inflicted upon him the iniquity of us all.
7 He was persecuted and afflicted but did not open his mouth; like a sheep being led to the slaughter or a ewe that is silent before her shearers, he did not open his mouth.
8 Now that he has been released from captivity and judgment who could have imagined such a generation? For he had been removed from the land of the living, an affliction upon them that was my people's sin.
9 He submitted himself to his grave like wicked men; and the wealthy (submitted) to his executions for committing no crime and with no deceit in his mouth.
10 HaShem desired to oppress him and He afflicted him; if his soul would acknowledge guilt he would see offspring and live long days and the desire or HaShem would succeed in his hand.
11. He would see (the purpose) and be satisfied with his soul's distress. With his knowledge My servant will vindicate the Righteous One to multitudes; it is their iniquities that he will carry.
12. Therefore, I will assign him a portion from the multitudes and he will divide the mighty as spoils -- in return for having poured out his soul for death and being counted among the wicked, for he bore the sin of the multitudes, and prayed for the wicked.
Isaiah 52:13 i.e. G-d's servant the people of Israel (Rashi)
52:15 Just as Israel had once been astonishingly degraded, so it will astonish the nations by its exaltedness when the time of redemption arrives.
53:1-3 this is the prophecy foretelling what the nations and their kings will exclaim when they witness Israel's rejuvenation. The nations will contrast their former scornful attitude toward the Jews (vv. 1-3) with their new realization of Israel's grandeur (vv 4-7).
53:5 we brought suffering upon Israel for our own selfish purposes; it was not, as we had claimed, that G-d was punishing Israel for its own evil behavior.
53:6 We sinned by inflicting punishment upon Israel. Such oppression is often described as "Hashem's punishment" (see 10:5, Habakkuk 1:12), for He decreed that it should happen (Abarbanel).
53:8 When Israel's exile is finally ended the nations will marvel that such a generation could have survived the expulsion from "the land of the living, i.e. Israel, that the nations had sinfully inflicted upon it.
53:9 Ordinary Jews chose to die like common criminals, rather than renounce their faith; and wealthy Jews were killed for no reason other than to enable their wicked conquerors to confiscate their riches (Radak).
53:10 That is, Israel. G-d replies to the nations that Israel's suffering was a punishment for its own sins; and when the people realize this and repent, they will be redeemed and rewarded.
53:11 Israel will teach the nations of G-d's righteousness.