Far from speaking of Jesus' resurrection speaks of King David, surrounded by enemies, but trusting that G-d will save his life. The person in the psalm (King David) DOES NOT DIE, let alone resurrect.
Psalm / T'hillim 22 says absolutely nothing about anyone dying, let alone declaring anyone's resurrection.
There is not one word that can even infer such an interpretation.
Line 23 of the psalm (22 in Christian translations) says "I will tell Your name to my brothers; in the midst of the congregation I will praise You."
Does that declare a resurrection? Does it even hint at such a thing?
Nope. It speaks of King David speaking of G-d to others and praising G-d.
That is "it."
Could the list maker have "messed up" the numbering and meant another passage? Not really -- none of them speak of a resurrection, and definitely nothing about declaring a resurrection. Read the psalm for yourself (link).
Resurrection of the righteous is a messianic prophecy Jesus failed to fulfill.
The messianc prophecy regarding resurrection is not that the messiah will die and be resurrected (indeed, if a person dies before fulfilling all the messianic prophecies he is NOT the messiah).
The messianic prophecy regarding resurrection states that the righteous of the world will be resurrected during the time of the messiah. This did not happen with Jesus. We are told that some dead came out of their graves (although no external sources speak of what one would think was a memorable occasion) -- but if this happened only in Jerusalem and not worldwide it failed to fulfill the prophecy regarding the resurrection of the righteous.
When the messiah comes the righteous will be resurrected and the soul reunited with body; this is why Jews do not believe in cremation or embalming (Isaiah 26). The T'nach seems to tell us that only the righteous will be resurrected (Daniel 12). Yet, there is a school of thought that every Jewish soul that ever lived will be resurrected. “Even the empty ones among you [Israel] are filled with mitzvot as a pomegranate [is filled with seeds]"—Talmud, Berachot 57a and The soul of every Jew is a "veritable portion of G‑d," and as such is eternal and indestructible.
Ask yourself: if the T'nach tells us that one day ALL the righteous will be resurrected, how can one person dying and resurrecting be a prophecy about the messiah who is one person? If anything, since all the righteous will resurrect, Jesus' supposed resurrection is the OPPOSITE of a messianic prophecy.
There is no prophecy in the T'nach (bible) that the messiah will die and be resurrected.
Ergo, even if this passage could be interpreted to be speaking of resurrection it does not prophesy or pre-ordain Jesus' birth, death and resurrection.
Yet again we have the list maker gleaning through the T'nach (bible) for passages that in any way infer a link to Jesus, but ignores the context (the fact that King David wrote this about himself and constantly uses personal pronouns referring to himself).
The fact is that yet again the list maker has made a claim that the text of the psalm does not support in any way. The psalm does not speak of dying, and definitely not of resurrection -- let alone declaring a resurrected Jesus.