This claimed “prophecy” about Jesus is a perfect example of how proof text (quotes from the T’nach, Jewish bible, used to “prove” that Jesus was the messiah) are easily debunked.
The passage in 2 Samuel 23 has nothing to do with the messiah -- we have yet another example of missionaries misleading innocent Christians through deception.
Proof texts usually fall into one of three categories:
Understanding these three categories let’s take a look at the fact that the list maker is referencing 2 Samuel 23:2-4 which says “The spirit of the L-rd spoke in me, And His word was upon my tongue. The G-d of Israel said, concerning me spoke the Rock of Israel; 'A ruler over men shall be the righteous (man), he that rules in the fear of G-d.”
Reading those two lines one might indeed think, “wow, sounds like Jesus!!!!”
Maybe we FINALLY found a real messianic prophecy fulfilled by Jesus?
Remember those three missionary proof texting ploys? This reference is a perfect example of “out of context” and “misquoting.”
The list maker very conveniently ignored Shumel 2 / 2 Samuel 23:1 which says “And these are the last words of David; the saying of David the son of Jesse, and the saying of the man raised on high (King David), the anointed (מְשִׁיחַ / messiah) of the G-d of Jacob (King David), And the sweet singer (King David) of Israel.”
Just go back ONE SENTENCE for the context and the deceit of the list maker is clear.
Shumel 2 / 2 Samuel 23:1 which says “And these are the last words of David; the saying of David the son of Jesse, and the saying of the man raised on high (King David), the anointed (מְשִׁיחַ / messiah) of the G-d of Jacob (King David), And the sweet singer (King David) of Israel.”
By starting with line 2 and ignoring line 1 the list maker is lying to his readers through misdirection and misquoting. How can you trust someone who is so obviously deceitful?
The list maker, like a magician, has misled his (her?) readers with a slight of hand. By leaving out the first line it might seem to be a messianic prophecy when it is nothing of the sort.
Read the first three sentences together in context: Shumel 2 / 2 Samuel 23:1-3 which says “And these are the last words of David; the saying of David the son of Jesse, and the saying of the man raised on high, the anointed (מְשִׁיחַ / messiah) of the G-d of Jacob, And the sweet singer of Israel. 'The spirit of the L-rd spoke in me (King David), And His word was upon my (David’s) tongue. The G-d of Israel said, concerning me (David) spoke the Rock of Israel (G-d); 'A ruler over men shall be the righteous (man), he that rules in the fear of G-d.”
This passage is about King David, it is not a prophecy about Jesus.
The Rock of Israel is G-d. David is speaking about G-d ("The G-d of Israel said, concerning me (David) spoke the Rock of Israel (G-d). . .). צור ישראל, Tzur Yisrael, (Rock of Israel) is a term commonly used for G-d and is even found in the Israeli Declaration of Independence. Read T'hillim / Psalm 19 (line 15) "May the sayings of my mouth and the meditations of my heart be acceptable before You, O L-rd, my Rock and my Redeemer."
By trying to say that the "rock" in Shumel 2 / 2 Samuel 23 is about Jesus the list maker (and the Christian bible) is deceiving fellow Christians.
How about the passage in the Christian bible the list maker is claiming “fulfills” Shumel 2 / 2 Samuel 23:2-3?
The passage given is 1 Corinthians 10 begins by the writer speaking of the Jews (“our ancestors”) and the Exodus from Egypt – it discusses the cloud which G-d used to guide the Israelites for example. Line 4 says (speaking of the Jews traveling in the Sinai desert that they “drank the same spiritual drink; for they drank from the spiritual rock that accompanied them, and that rock was Jesus.”
1 Corinthians 10 may claim Jesus was a “rock” – but ” Shumel 2 / 2 Samuel 23:3 is clearly speaking of G-d Himself as צוּר יִשְׂרָאֵל / tzur Yisrael / the Rock of Israel. It is not a reference about the messiah – and for the author of 1 Corinthians 10 to claim Jesus was a “rock” – well, he must somehow prove that claim and there is no way to do that biblically (the so called “proof text” of Shumel 2 / 2 Samuel 23:2-3 is about King David and the “rock of Israel” is G-d Himself, spoken of by King David.
One might as well claim that any analogy in the T’nach can be “claimed” by Jesus – an eagle, a rock, a burning bush – picking a statement about G-d and simply claiming it means Jesus is a bit like shooting an arrow and then painting a bulls eye around it after the fact. It is meaningless, and is certainly not a prophecy let alone a prophetic fulfillment.