This appears to be a "typo" in the list. The list maker has been going "in order" and the previous claim was tied to Psalm 147, so why would the list jump back to T'hillim / Psalm 1? Then there is the issue that T'hillim / Psalm 1 only has six lines (there is no line 23). . .
This "typo" appears in various copies of the list on the internet -- the missionaries never seem to bother to check the accuracy of their "proofs"!
So the original claim appears to have been for Mishlei / Proverbs 1:23 (not Psalms). . .
Mishlei / Proverbs is the work of Solomon the King (שלמה המלך / Shlomo HaMelech). Solomon was the son of King David and his wife BatSheva. Solomon inherited the throne and built the Beit HaMikdash, the Temple, in about 1,000 B.C.E. HaShem offered Solomon anything he wanted, and Solomon chose wisdom.
Solomon wrote שיר השירים / Shir HaShirim (Song of Songs) -- love songs, קהלת / Kohelet (Ecclesiastes) -- preacher, and מִשְׁלֵי / Mishlei (Proverbs). King David wrote most of תהילים / T'hillim / Psalms. מִשְׁלֵי / Mishlei (Proverbs) is a compilation of wise sayings. . .and there are thirty-one chapters in the tome. מִשְׁלֵי / Mishlei (Proverbs) edited by the court of King Chizkiyahu (Hezekiah), a descendant of Solomon.
Again, folks, just as psalms are not prophecies, neither are the sayings in Proverbs. The very first line of T'hillim / Psalm 1 says "The proverbs of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel"
Chapter 1 establishes the authority of this book, so line 23 (the line claimed to be a prophecy) is nothing of the sort. This chapter is speaking of the value of wisdom. Wisdom can be found everywhere -- even in the streets. It is everywhere there are Torah learned people. It is not hard to find, it is calling out to people. "Wisdoms shout in the street; in the squares she gives forth her voice. She calls at the head of the noisy streets; she utters her words at the entrances of the gates in the city; How long will you naive ones love naivete, and the scoffers covet scoffing, and the fools hate knowledge?" Mishlei / Proverbs 1:20-22.
Those fools who hate knowledge scoff and make fun of those seeking to better themselves, and lure them away from wisdom and G-d. Thus, even though wisdom is everywhere, there are those who not only ignore wisdom (which is everywhere), but they ridicule those who search for knowledge. They do not want to know the truth, and thus they try to prevent others from finding it as well. Truth is "heavy." Once you know it you have to commit your life to a certain path, and people would rather play all day and ignore the truth because they do not want to change their ways!
Which brings us to line 23 which is addressed to those who think they can escape knowledge or wisdom with some excuse, even though it is shouting in the street. . . Lines 23 - 30 are a warning of "not so fast"! Because knowledge is all around you, you cannot use the excuse that you "did not know."
Those who scoff, are naive and hate knowledge have no excuse "You shall repent because of my reproof; behold! I will pour out my spirit to you; I will let you know my words. Since I called you and you refused, I stretched out my hand and no one listened, and you have made nothing of all my advice, and you did not desire my reproof." Mishlei / Proverbs 1:23-25.
The list maker is taking the word רוּחִ֑י which can be translated as wind or spirit. This is not the fictional "holy spirit" -- or 3rd entity of the triune god. Indeed, the NIV Christian translation actually translates it as "thoughts" not "spirit." "Then I will pour out my thoughts to you, I will make known to you my teachings." Proverbs 1:23, NIV Translation. The NET Bible (another Christian translation) also chooses "thoughts": " I will pour out my thoughts to you and I will make my words known to you."
Ergo the claimed "prophecy" that the "spirit of G-d" will be sent is a misquote, a mistranslation and a complete distortion of what this passage in Proverbs is all about.
There is no "holy spirit" -- no entity of G-d separate from G-d (party of the trinity which does not exist). Indeed the term “holy spirit” in the T’nach (Jewish bible) does not refer to an entity as it does to Christians. There is no “holy spirit” aka the “holy ghost.” There is only one G-d (D’varim / Deuteronomy 6:4). The term "holy spirit" (in which "holy" is an adjective) never appears in the T'nach even once.
Since the “holy spirit” is not biblical (the term does appear in Rabbinical writings) and it doesn’t mean the third part of the trinity, what does it mean? As Judaism holds that G-d is One and Unique, the notion of a dual or triune godhead is totally rejected. G-d is not a spirit. G-d is not a physical entity (He has not physical form, He is not a man).
It would seem that this Christian “holy ghost” (“holy spirit” of the trinity) is based on a misuse of the Hebrew term RuachHaKodesh (mistranslated as holy spirit) But Ruach HaKodesh doesn't mean "the holy spirit.” “Holy Spirit” would be הָרוּחַ הַקָּדוֹשׁ ha-ru'ah ha-kadosh (ha meaning “the”) or perhaps הָרוּחַ הַקְּדוֹשָׁה ha-ru'ah ha-k'doshah (because רוּחַ ruach can be both masculine & feminine – all nouns in Hebrew must be either male or female).
קוֹדֶשׁ (kadosh) is a noun ("holiness" or "sanctity") and literally means to be separate. The term רוּחַ literally means “wind” and is the lowest level of the soul – the life force.
רוּחַ הַקֹּדֶש / Ruach HaKodesh should be translated as "a spirit of [the] holiness" or "a spirit of [the] sanctity". Meaning it is a state of holiness in a human being, NOT a mythical G-d of spirit.
Let me repeat that – it is a state of holiness in a human being, NOT a mythical spirit of G-d.
So what does it mean? What is a state of holiness in a human being?
One inspired by G-d.
A state of being of a person.
Inspiration being a level below communication with G-d (prophecy).
Think of it as a kind of sub-prophecy or divinely-provided intuition.
Proverbs does not use the phrase "holy spirit" or "holy ghost." This passage is merely stating that people who try to deny the wisdom that is surrounding them will be imbued with inspiration by G-d, a level lower than prophecy, but one that will put them in touch with the divine using their own thoughts and words (not those of G-d Himself). The רוּחַ / rū'aḥ is also the lowest level of the immortal soul.
What of John 16:7 -- the claimed prophetic "proof"? It indicates that G-d sent the non-existant "holy ghost" -- and that Jesus is lower in rank to this "holy ghost" and to the Father -- making Jesus inferior to both. A bit odd for "one" god, but that is what John 16:7 says "I assure you that it is better for you that I go away. If I don’t go away, the Companion[a] won’t come to you. But if I go, I will send him to you."
The inferior nature of Jesus (compared to the Father and the Ghost) is repeated in John 13:16 (NIV) says, “I assure you, servants aren’t greater than their master, nor are those who are sent greater than the one who sent them. ”
In any case, the passage in question, "You shall repent because of my reproof; behold! I will pour out my spirit to you; I will let you know my words. Since I called you and you refused, I stretched out my hand and no one listened, and you have made nothing of all my advice, and you did not desire my reproof." Mishlei / Proverbs 1:23-25 has nothing to do with the trinity, or Jesus.